Aka controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. The process of inducing a woman to release more than one egg in a month. It’s different from ovulation induction, where the goal is to release one egg a month.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
A more advanced procedure, in vitro fertilization (IVF) refers to when a physician will remove eggs from your ovaries. These eggs are fertilized by sperm inside the lab. IVF has the highest success rate of treatments that use your own eggs or sperm.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
This treatment involves the direct injection of sperm into eggs obtained during in vitro fertilization (IVF). Once the steps of ICSI have been completed and fertilization has succeeded, the embryo is transferred to the woman’s uterus.
Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET)
A frozen embryo transfer is a type of IVF treatment where a cryopreserved embryo (created during a full IVF cycle) is thawed and transferred to a woman’s uterus. The cryopreserved embryo can be from a woman’s previous conventional IVF cycle or it can be a donor embryo.
Elective single embryo transfer (eSet)
This treatment involves identifying an embryo with a strong chance of successful pregnancy, then transferring that single embryo to the uterus. The lab “freezes” any additional healthy embryos for future use.
Aka micro or minimal stimulation (IVF). Similar to conventional IVF in the procedures used during treatment. What’s different is how much medication is used to stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs. While typical IVF aims to produce several eggs for retrieval, mini-IVF uses weaker medications or lower doses of medications to produce only a few eggs. It may also be done without any ovarian stimulating drugs.
Natural cycle IVF is a treatment similar to traditional, or stimulated, IVF, but without the use of medications to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. It may appeal to those who dislike medications.
Genetic testing is a type of medical test that identifies changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins. The results of a genetic test can confirm or rule out a suspected genetic condition or help determine a person’s chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder. More than 1,000 genetic tests are currently in use, and more are being developed.
Gender Selection (PGS)
This is a process where embryos are selected by their sex chromosomes during an IVF cycle in order to produce a male or female offspring, according to the wishes of the parents. This may be considered when possible medical issues arise that are linked to x chromosome disorders.
The process of saving or protecting eggs, sperm, or reproductive tissue so that a person can use them to have biological children in the future. The first step is for a woman to see her fertility doctor for an ultrasound and physical exam. On ultrasound the ovaries are measured and the number of follicles determined. A treatment calendar with a schedule of injectable fertility drugs is initiated.
Using fertility medications for approximately ten days, multiple eggs begin to mature in the ovaries. Under sedation, the eggs are retrieved, a process that takes about 10-15 minutes. The eggs are then cryopreserved and placed in frozen storage.
At a later time, the eggs can be thawed, inseminated with sperm (ICSI is recommended), and the embryo(s) created transferred back into the uterus to develop into a pregnancy.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis for single Gene disorders
This test allows patients who are carriers or who are affected by genetic diseases to select unaffected embryos for transfer before becoming pregnant.
Preconceptional Genetic Testing
Aka carrier screening – this test is a way for a paent to get a glimpse at their own genetic makeup and see what they may pass on to future children. A future parent may determine their risk of having a child with a genetic disorder. Being a carrier means you don’t present with any symptoms but that you have the gene and could potentially pass it along to your offspring.
Tubal Reversal Surgery after Tubal Sterilization
This is a procedure to restore fertility after a woman has had a tubal ligation — a process that cuts or blocks the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy. During reversal, a surgeon will reopen, untie, or reconnect your fallopian tubes.